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Jayne Wilkins

My research focus is the archaeology of early modern human origins and the Middle Stone Age. I investigate early human adaptation in the southern Kalahari Basin and on the South Coast of South Africa. By comparing archaeology in the Kalahari Basin to more well-known coastal sequences, I am testing coastal-centric hypotheses for the origins and evolution of Homo sapiens.  My work also incorporates experimental research on Stone Age weapons systems and stone tool functional analyses.

Selected publications:

Refereed journal articles

2015    Wilkins, Jayne, Benjamin J. Schoville, Kyle S. Brown, Michael Chazan. Kathu Pan 1 points and the assemblage-scale, probabilistic approach: A response to Rots and Plisson, “Projectiles and the abuse of the use-wear method in a search for impact”.  Journal of Archaeological Science 54, 294-299.

2014    Wilkins, Jayne, Benjamin J. Schoville, Kyle S. Brown. An Experimental Investigation of the Functional Hypothesis and Evolutionary Advantage of Stone-Tipped Spears. PLOS ONE 9 (8) e104514.

2014    Oestmo, Simen, Benjamin Schoville, Jayne Wilkins, and Curtis W. Marean. A Middle Stone Age (MSA) Paleosol Landscape near the Pinnacle Point caves, Vleesbaai, South Africa. Quaternary International 350, 147-168

2012    Wilkins, Jayne, Benjamin J. Schoville, Kyle S. Brown, and Michael Chazan. Evidence for Early Hafted Hunting Technology. Science 338, 942-946.

2012    Wilkins, Jayne, and Michael Chazan. Blade Production ~500 thousand years ago at Kathu Pan 1, South Africa: Support for a Multiple Origins Hypothesis for early Middle Pleistocene Blade Technologies. Journal of Archaeological Science 39, 1883-1900.

2010    Wilkins, Jayne, Luca Pollarolo, and Kathleen Kuman. Prepared Core Reduction at the site of Kudu Koppie, northern South Africa: Temporal patterns across the Earlier and Middle Stone Boundary. Journal of Archaeological Science 37, 1279-1292.

2010    Pollarolo, Luca, Jayne Wilkins, Kathleen Kuman, and L. Galetti. Site formation at Kudu Koppie: a late Earlier and Middle Stone Age site in northern Limpopo Province, South Africa. Quaternary International 216, 151-161.

2010    Wilkins, Jayne. Style, Symboling, and Interaction in Middle Stone Age Society. vis-a-vis: Explorations in Anthropology 10 (1), 102-125.

2006    Mercader, Julio, Raquel Marti, Jayne Wilkins, and Kent D. Fowler. The Eastern Periphery of the Yoruba Cultural Sphere: Ceramics from the Lowland Rainforests of Southern Cameroon. Current Anthropology 47 (1), 173-184.

Edited volumes

2010    Macdonald, Danielle and Jayne Wilkins, editors Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Proceedings of the 2010 Graduate Students Lithics Symposium. Special Issue of vis-à-vis: Explorations in Anthropology 10 (2), 119 pp.

2009    Wilkins, Jayne and Kirsten Anderson, editors. Tools of the Trade: Methods, Techniques, and Innovative Approaches in Archaeology. University of Calgary Press. Calgary. 315 pp. (peer-reviewed)

Book chapters

in press    Wilkins, Jayne, and Benjamin J. Schoville. Edge damage on 500-thousand-year-old spear tips from Kathu Pan 1, South Africa: the combined effects of spear use and taphonomic processes. In R. Iovita and K. Sano (Eds.), Multidisciplinary Approaches to the Study of Stone Age Weaponry: Springer.

Other publications

in press    Wilkins, Jayne. Weapons, stone. In M. C. Beaudry and K. Metheny (Eds), The Archaeology of Food: An Encyclopedia. Alta Mira.

2014    Wilkins, Jayne. Lucy. In C. Smith (Ed), Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology. Springer Reference: 4561-4564.

2012    Chazan, Michael, Jayne Wilkins, David Morris, and Francesco Berna. Bestwood 1: a newly discovered Earlier Stone Age living surface near Kathu, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Antiquity Project Gallery 086.

Media Coverage:

2014, Daily Planet -- Discoveries, Discovery Channel, August 27, Archaeologists Assess Killing Power of Stone Age Weapons, August 27

2012, The most fascinating human evolution discoveries of 2012, December 19, Tree climbers, wood eaters, and more: The top 10 human evolution discoveries of 2012, When Stone Met Stick to Ease Hunters’ Work, November 19, Podcast Interview - CBC Quarks and Quarks with Bob McDonald, November 17, Stone spear tips surprisingly old—“Like finding iPods in ancient Rome”, November 16, Hunters used stone-tipped spears 200,000 years earlier than previously thought, November 16, Stone me! Spears show early human species was sharper than we thought, November 15, Human Ancestors Made Deadly Stone-Tipped Spears 500,000 Years Ago, November 15